Current Affairs for UPSC
November current affairs is here. Read and download the Part-2 Current Affairs of November 2017 from Makimus Designs Now!
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Disclaimer Note: Already made disclaimers in earlier versions. Now if you want to read the disclaimer go to the previous current affairs posts. To remind you, this current affairs is prepared keeping in mind the UPSC Civil Services Examination. For state PSCs supplementing yourself with a good General Knowledge book is necessary and is recommended for UPSC Exam. We suggest Lucent GK book (we are not a sponsor of the Publication, we recommend you books on their quality and usefulness in relevance to the UPSC Civil Services Exam).
Weekly Makimus.com Vocab: Do you know the meaning of ad nauseam ?
Pronunciation : ad-no-zium
Meaning: used to refer to the fact that something has been done or repeated so often that it has become annoying or tiresome.
Usage ) : Thanks to a deft disinformation campaign by the Chinese Government, some less-than-careful and even loose remarks by Ministers and officials on both sides and a media that has discussed war scenarios ad nauseam for the past few weeks, the world is getting increasingly panicky about the danger of war.
Quick GK : Important Hormones and their Functions
|Endocrine gland||Hormone||Main tissues acted on by hormone||Main function of hormones|
|Hypothalamus||Thyrotrophin releasing hormone (TRH)||Anterior pituitary||Stimulates release of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) from the anterior pituitary|
|Somatostatin||Anterior pituitary||Inhibitory hormone that prevents release of hormones such as growth hormone from the anterior pituitary|
|Gonadotrophin releasing hormone (GnRH)||Anterior pituitary||Stimulates release of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinising hormone (LH) from the anterior pituitary|
|Corticotrophin releasing hormone (CRH)||Anterior pituitary||Stimulates adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) release from the anterior pituitary|
|Growth Hormone Releasing Hormone (GHRH)||Anterior pituitary||Stimulates release of growth hormone (GH) form the anterior pituitary|
|Anterior pituitary||Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH)||Thyroid gland||Stimulates release of thyroxine and tri-iodothyronine from the thyroid gland|
|Luteinising hormone (LH)||Ovary/Testis||Females: promotes ovulation of the egg and stimulates oestrogen and progesterone production Males: promotes testosterone release from the testis|
|Follicle stimulating hormone (FSH)||Ovary/Testis||Females: promotes development of eggs and follicles in the ovary prior to ovulationMales: promotes production of testosterone from testis|
|Growth Hormone (GH)||Bones, cartilage, muscle, fat, liver, heart||Acts to promote growth of bones and organs|
|Prolactin (PRL)||Breasts, brain||Stimulates milk production in the breasts and plays a role in sexual behaviour|
|Adrenocortico-trophic hormone (ACTH)||Adrenal glands||Stimulates the adrenal glands to produce mainly cortisol|
|Posterior pituitary||Vasopressin (anti-diuretic hormone, ADH)||Kidney, blood vessels, blood components||Acts to maintain blood pressure by causing the kidney to retain fluid and by constricting blood vessels|
|Oxytocin||Uterus, milk ducts of breasts||Causes ejection of milk from the milk ducts and causes constriction of the uterus during labour|
|Thyroid gland||Thyroxine (T4)||Most tissues||Acts to regulate the body’s metabolic rate|
|Tri-iodothyronine (T3)||Most tissues||Acts to regulate the body’s metabolic rate|
|Parathyroid glands||Parathyroid hormone (PTH)||Kidney, Bone cells||Increases blood calcium levels in the blood when they are low|
|Calcitonin||Kidney, Bone cells||Decreases blood calcium levels when they are high|
|Adrenal cortex||Cortisol||Most tissues||Involved in a huge array of physiological functions including blood pressure regulation, immune system functioning and blood glucose regulation|
|Aldosterone||Kidney||Acts to maintain blood pressure by causing salt and water retention|
|Androgens||Most tissues||Steroid hormones that promote development of male characteristics. Physiological function unclear|
|Adrenal medulla||Adrenaline and noradrenaline (the catecholamines)||Most tissues||Involved in many physiological systems including blood pressure regulation, gastrointestinal movement and patency of the airways|
|Pancreas||Insulin||Muscle, fat tissue||Acts to lower blood glucose levels|
|Glucagon||Liver||Acts to raise blood glucose levels|
|Somatostatin||Pancreas||Acts to inhibit glucagon and insulin release|
|Ovary||Oestrogens||Breast, Uterus, Internal and external genitalia||Acts to promote development of female primary and secondary sexual characteristics. Important role in preparing the uterus for implantation of embryo|
|Progesterone||BreastUterus||Affects female sexual characteristics and important in the maintenance of pregnancy|
|Testis||Testosterone||Sexual organs||Promotes the development of male sexual characteristics including sperm development|
|Stomach||Gastrin||Stomach||Promotes acid secretion in the stomach|
|Serotonin (5-HT)||Stomach||Causes constriction of the stomach muscles|
|Duodenum and jejunum||Secretin||Stomach, Liver||Inhibits secretions from the stomach and increases bile production|
|Cholecystokinin (CCK)||Liver, Pancreas||Stimulates release of bile from the gall bladder and causes the pancreas to release digestive enzymes|
|Kidney||Erythropoietin||Bone marrow||Stimulates red blood cell development in the bone marrow|
|Heart||Atrial natiuretic factor (ANF)||Kidney||Lowers blood pressure by promoting salt and water loss|
|Skin||Vitamin D||Small intestine, Kidney,|
|Stimulates the uptake of calcium in the small intestine, retention of calcium and release of calcium from bone stores|
Current Affairs India 2017 November Part- 2
- Musa paramjitiana
New Species of Wild Banana found in Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
- Tyrannomyrmex alii
New species of ant found in Western Ghats. Named after eminent myrmecologist (one who studies ant - Myrmecology is a branch of entomology focusing on the scientific study of ants) India's ant man Musthak Ali.
- Gleadovia konyakianorum
New species of flowering holosite (complete parasite) plant found in Nagaland. Named in honour of Konyak tribe of Nagas. The plant is void of chlorophyll.
Chennai - Creative City Network new Entrant
Chennai recently was included in UNESCO's Creative City Network for contribution to music. In 2016, Jaipur (for music) and Varanasi (for folk art and crafts) were also added to the list. The count of Indian cities in the list is now 3. UNESCO's creativre city network was launched in 2004.
SHE-BOX (sexual harassment e-box) is an online portal where Women can file sexual harassment at workplace complaint. Launched earlier (in July 2017) but now extended for women workers of organised sectors. Managed by Women and Child Development Ministry.
- Disaster Maps
Facebook in association with National Disaster Management Authority has launched Disaster maps which aims to help communities to recover and rebuild from natural disasters faster by sharing critical pieces of data sets with humanitarian agency in a timely manner.
- National Testing Agency
Union Ministry recently approved creation of National Testing Agency (NTA) as a Society registered under the Indian Societies Registration Act, 1860, and as an autonomous and self-sustained premier testing organization to conduct entrance examinations for higher educational institutions.
- The NTA would initially conduct those entrance examinations which are currently being conducted by the CBSE.
- Other examinations will be taken up gradually after NTA is fully geared up.
- The entrance examinations will be conducted in online mode at least twice a year, thereby giving adequate opportunity to candidates to bring out their best.
- In order to serve the requirements of the rural students, it would locate the centres at sub-district/district level and as far as possible would undertake hands-on training to the students.
Establishment of NTA will benefit about 40 lakh students appearing in various entrance examinations. It will relieve CBSE, AICTE and other agencies from responsibility of conducting these entrance examinations, and also bring in high reliability, standardized difficulty level for assessing the aptitude, intelligence and problem solving abilities of the students.
- Oral Treatment - Hepatitis C
Haryana became the first Indian State to use Oral Medicine for the Treatment of Hepatitis C in Government Hospitals.
- Project Saksham
A comprehensive plan for imparting training to all employees of Indian Railways is being prepared with a view to upgrade skill & knowledge. Will help boost productivity and efficiency of Indian Railways Employees.
- National Power Portal
The Union Ministry of Power launched National Power Portal (NPP), a Centralized Platform for Collation and Dissemination of Indian power sector information. Central Electricity Authority (CEA) is nodal agency for implementation and operational control of NPP.
Union Ministry of Railways has announced that all the trains will have bio-toilets by December 2018. Bio-toilets use anaerobic bacteria to convert waste into water and small amount of gases (including methane).
- First Fully Electric Cargo Ship
It is the first ship in the world to use lithium ion battery, manufactured in China by the Guangzhou Shipyard International Company Ltd.Will be used for inland transportation. The ship has zero carbon/pollution emission.
SAMPRITI is the joint exercise between India and Bangladesh. aimed to strengthen and broaden the aspects of interoperability and cooperation between the Indian and Bangladesh Armies. Recently its 7th edition was held.
- National Anti-Profiteering Authority
An apex body with an overarching mandate under Goods and Services Tax (GST) regime so as to ensure the benefit of tax reaches consumers. The NAA is tasked with ensuring full benefits of reduction in tax on supply of goods or services flow to consumers. It is responsible for applying anti-profiteering measures in event of reduction GST rate on supply of goods or services or if benefit of input tax credit is not passed on to recipients by way of commensurate reduction in prices.
- Manushi Chillar
Manushi Chillar of India won the Miss World Pageant 2017. The last Indian to win the title was Priyanka Chopra in 2000. First runner up was Stephanie Hill (England). First Indian to win the Miss World Title was Reita Faria (1966). Indian Winners till date are : Reita Faria, Aishwarya Rai, Diana Haydon, Yukta Mookhi, Priyanka Chopra and Manushi Chillar.
- Talanoa Dialogue
‘Talanoa Dialogue’, a year-long process to assess countries’ progress on climate actions, to engage in an inclusive, participatory and transparent dialogue to resolve differences without putting any blame on any one. As per COP23 decision, it has been structured around three questions to arrive at answers with consensus - Where are we? Where do we want to go? How do we get there?
- Samba Masuri
Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB) in association with Indian Institute of Rice Research (Hyderabad) has developed Improved Samba Masuri variety of rice with low Glycemic Index (low GI results in slow release of glucose into the bloodstream reducing the ill-effects of diabetes).
- IMBAX 2017
First Joint India-Myanmar Military Exercise. Held in Meghalaya with the aim of building and promoting closer relations with armies of the neighbouring countries. It also aims to train officers of Myanmar Army in various United Nations Peacekeeping roles and tasks.
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